It’s amazing what you see when you step outside the box. I’ve been focusing on the special challenge of raising teenagers for several years now, and I’ve been outside the box the whole time.

Inside the box, you understand that you need to sacrifice and save money for your child’s college education, urge the child to study and get good grades, get the child tutoring to help them get admitted to a great school. And there’s nothing wrong with any of this, even if attending a fine university is no guarantee of success in life and work.

But outside the box, I’ve seen something else…

1. The most important thing a kid can learn when he or she is a teenager is how to think – critical thinking skills, which are handled by the prefrontal cortex. This area of the brain is “under construction” the entire period of adolescence, which lasts 10 or 12 years. It’s a time-sensitive window of brain development, during which a person’s foundation for critical thinking (understanding, evaluating, analyzing, relating, reasoning, problem-solving, decision-making, planning, and managing) is established once and for all. At the end of the period, the window closes. Following the metaphor: construct a small foundation and you are limited to building a small house on it. The key is to construct an ample foundation. This makes a huge difference in your ability to gain “brain power” as an adult.

2. The second most important thing is for a teenager to become strong as a person. These are personal strength behavior patterns that enable a person to do the hard things to deal with the challenges of life and work. In my work, I’ve identified more than 40 personal strengths, such as optimism, awareness, passion, focus, courage, composure, integrity, tolerance, and many more. You can see why they’re so important.

3. Finally, there are communication skills – how to interact with people effectively. There are dozens and dozens of people skills, although in my work I focus mainly on a couple dozen of the more high-impact ones, such as listening, resolving conflict, dialog, guiding learning, stimulating thinking, and giving feedback. Nearly everything we do in relationships and work requires dealing well with people; and when these are handled badly, there are adverse consequences.

These are the game-changers. Imagine how hard it would be to succeed in the world if a person was inept in all three areas!

By the time adolescence is over, most young people have left home and have started to make their way in the world. So prime time to start developing these areas is during the teen years.

But here’s the amazing part. None of these areas of ability are taught directly in our education system. Not taught in high school. Not taught at the college level, either. No courses in critical thinking, no courses in people skills, no courses in personal strength. So how are people supposed to learn this stuff?

You don’t get strong as a person through study. You get stronger in these three areas – critical thinking, personal strengths, and people skills – by exercising them repeatedly.

It’s possible to pick up some of these patterns indirectly and by chance. For example, one of my colleagues told me that the most important person in her youth was her economics teacher. When I asked her why, she said, “He taught me how to think.” Lucky her.

Team sports are fine opportunities to build some of the personal strengths, even though that’s not high on the agenda of most coaches, who have their hands full teaching athletic skills, conditioning and winning. And a kid can get some experience with interacting with people by socializing and participating in extracurricular activities.

But these developmental opportunities are unstructured, random, spotty, and depend on luck. It’s kind of like “street knowledge.” Kids pick up things hit-or-miss – the good, the bad and the ugly – hanging out with their friends. It’s no wonder that most people become adults with a lot of unlearning and catching up to do. Which most people never do – they just get by within the boundaries of their limitations.

Isn’t it amazing that something so important is unrecognized by parents and the education system?

There’s so much young teens should be told, but it almost never happens. That’s why I wrote these books…

Conversations with the Wise Aunt – for girls

Conversations with the Wise Uncle – for boys

More truth-telling about adolescence.

Your child will also need help developing vital thinking skills. More about this in my book: How Your Teen Can Grow a Smarter Brain.

You can grow the bond with your child through better listening. Download the FREE ebook, Listening to Understand.